Have xylem filters been tested with natural water?

Yes, xylem filters have been tested with water from natural springs, tubewells (groundwater), and municipal taps in India. Filters made from Ginkgo Biloba (ginkgo) and Pinus roxbhurghii (chir pine) with 4 cm diameter and 1 cm thickness operated under a 1 meter gravity head and were able to process at least 10 L of water and showed complete removal of coliform (bacteria) in most cases.